Electric-rickshaws or e-rickshaw are an important part of urban mobility and a step to improving sustainable transportation, as well as quality of life in Indian cities. Integrating auto-rickshaw to Electric Rickshaw which brings need of sustainable India provides services as a feeder mode complements public transportation systems, ensuring connectivity and easy access throughout the city. Electric-rickshaws also bridge the gap between public transport and door-to-door services, providing an alternative to private vehicles.
Electric Rickshaws need in metropolitan cities :-
- Congestion on roads and streets
Electric Rickshaws not only deals in providing connectivity but also reduces congestion created by cars and trucks on the roads. With rapid population growth in Indian cities and a rise in private car ownership, it is critical to reassess the role of auto-rickshaws in the urban transportation landscape, not only from the perspective of providing an integrated and affordable public transport system but also in terms of the socio-economic imperative of encouraging auto-rickshaws as a means of livelihood for low-income, uneducated, or migrant populations.
- Pollution on the peak
The share of two-wheelers, three-wheelers, four-wheelers, trucks and light commercial vehicles in the total vehicular contribution shows that trucks and two-wheelers are the major polluters. Cars, however, have a huge share in terms of loading the air with gaseous pollutants such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide with the corresponding percentages of around 57 and 37. However, over the years, measures like roll out of CNG-enabled buses and autos have significantly brought down the level of these toxic gases in metropolitan cities and helped keep them well within safe limits.
- Need of Common man
Data from Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune and Rajkot show that auto-rickshaws serve between 10 to 20 percent of daily motorized urban transport trips. While a significant portion of daily passenger trips rely on auto-rickshaws, the population in Indian cities is estimated to grow to 590 million by 2030, increasing with it the share of those who depend on inexpensive and comprehensive urban transportation. The report explains that the total daily passenger trips in 87 major urban centres in India will more than double from around 229 million in 2007 to around 482 million in 2031. The efficiency, reliability and affordability of the auto-rickshaw industry will become paramount in the dense and congested cities of India. Here is the method to calculate total number of people travel by e-rickshaws
“Total Passengers travel by e-rickshaws in India = (Passenger per ride) x (Number of rides per rickshaw day) x (number of rickshaws plying daily in India.”
- Cheaper than any other public transport
Comparatively, people want to travel with cheaper and affordable transport and e-rickshaws are more convenient and easily available transport rather than going in public buses and trains where hustle and bustle of people .Lets consider you are staying in Karol bagh of Delhi and you want to go to Indira Gandhi international Airport, then you can find a lot of vehicles to go but most affordable way to reach there is by e-rickshaws .Here is the survey of preference of people who like to do local work.
Let us now consider the disadvantages of e-rickshaws:
- First of all, e-rickshaws are usually very slow in speed- around 30-35 kmph. It cannot match up the speed of uber-cabs, buses and trains. Hence, it is not a preferred mode of transportation in times of urgency. And availability of seats are very less as compared to other transportation
2.Accidents take place easily
These e-rickshaws are comparatively lighter in weight and hence cannot cope with larger weight. There is always a chance of the rickshaw being toppled over if it exceeds the permissible weight. And in India, the drivers are seen riding overloaded e-rickshaws.
- Rules not followed
No proper regulations and guidelines have been fixed. As a result, the drivers are not fully trained to drive these e-rickshaws. Most of them do not even have a driving licence. This is a matter of serious concern.
Law on e-rickshaw and proposed guidelines
Certain proposals and guidelines have been drafted by the Central Government for the proper running of the e-rickshaws:
- Delhi transport minister Nitin Gadkari stated that all e-rickshaws should be regularised through a nominal registration fee of Rs. 100 at MCD.
- Identity cards and licences will be issued to the drivers.
- The MCD along with Delhi traffic police will work out a challan system for negligent driving.
- An insurance corpus of Rs 10 lakh has to be made by e-rickshaw associations. This has to cover compensation for any grievous hurt (Rs 25,000) or fatal incident (Rs 1 lakh) caused by an e-rickshaw.
- These battery-operated vehicles should come under the arms of the Motor Vehicles Act.
- The maximum speed of an e-rickshaw should not be more than 25 km per hour with a maximum capacity of four passengers.
- The proposal also stated that identity marks and stickers will be issued for e-rickshaws.
After going through all the advantages and disadvantages of e-rickshaws its very clear that India’s locomotion industry is somehow depends on the e-rickshaws and auto-rickshaws. Indian on one side side have passion for super cars and bikes but on other hand they love to travel on wheels of e-rickshaw.
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